Autor Thema: Fragen zur Unterwasserstadt  (Gelesen 3301 mal)

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Fragen zur Unterwasserstadt
« am: 15. 09. 2006 | 23:23:21 »
Zitat
Original gepostet von WGS im Grewi-Forum
In den Jahren 2002 -2003 oder sogar eher spukten doch immer wieder Berichte und Thesen im Netz rum von einem Fund vor Kuba in einer Meeerstiefe von 600 -700m, weiss vielleicht dazu jemand mehr oder war das damals ne "ENTE"

Bayrische Grüsse
WGS


Also ich habe folgendes gefunden....

Zitat
Enigmatic Discoveries  
 
Written By: Inexplicata and Juventud Rebelde (newspaper)
Posted: 6/5/2003
 

SOURCE: Juventud Rebelde (newspaper)
DATE: June 4, 2003
 
Science> Archaeological Mysteries
 
ENIGMATIC DISCOVERIES
 
Majestic stone tools, similar to the ones employed by the human waves of the early European Palaeolithic, in other words, related to the first human populations, were discovered in the coastal regions of Sagua la Grande in Villa Clara (Cuba). Ramiro Ramez Garci­a, dean of the Instituto Pedaggico Felix Varela, commented on the important find on the first day of sessions of the 5th Workshop on Regional and Local History, which began Monday in the Instituto de Historia de Cuba in Havana, and which shall go on until Wednesday, featuring experts from a number of countries.
 
Rami­rez Garcia explained that the material was found by a group of amateur archaeologists from Sagua la Grande, headed by archaeologist and historian Raphael Villavicencio of that city Museum of History and "reprents a mystery of great scientific importance for Cuba".
 
The pieces, of great size, are currently being studied by specialists in archaeology in the Academy of Sciences and all signs indicate that they will shatter the existing criteria regarding the original peopling of Cuba, considered at 10,000 years, based on pieces found a long time ago in Mayar­ and Levisa, in Oriente [Province].
 
The material, detected above all in coastal regions and in "dogs tooth" (sic) sites, is made up, among other evidence, of large axes made of monolithic silex rock, cutting tools, arrow heads and enormous spears. Some of these objects were underground and others were on the surface at Los Charcones, near Quemado de Guimes and in La Sierrita, near the city of Sagua."
 
Chancellor Rami­rez argued that these items reveal that they were crafted by communities hitherto not studied in Cuba and appear to present great age, "from a time period I wouldn dare to calculate, since it would tear down established theories and hypotheses not only about the occupation of Cuba, but of the Americas."  
 
The researcher also remarked the Sumidero de Jibacoa, in the Guamuhaya Highlands, a current coffee development area in the heart of Villa Claras Escambray, holds 50 archaeologica sites containing objects and human remains older than 2000 years.
 
Regarding these interesting settlements, preliminary conclusions lean toward communities belong to protoagricultural and protoceramic groups devoted to hunting, fishing and collecting. What is most impressive is that primary burials--with complete and secondary skeletons--have been found, including long bones and red-tinted skulls exclusively, which suggest a belief in magical-religious and animistic manifestations even in such a remote epoch.
 
(from the Juventud Rebelde newspaper)
 
 
Translation (C) 2003. Scott Corrales, Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU). Special thanks to Virgilio Sanchez Ocejo, Miami UFO Center.

Quelle
 

Zitat
Friday, 7 December, 2001, 10:01 GMT

'Lost city' found beneath Cuban waters

A team of explorers working off the western coast of Cuba say they have discovered what they think are the ruins of a submerged city built thousands of years ago.
Researchers from a Canadian company used sophisticated sonar equipment to find and film stone structures more than 2,000 feet (650 metres) below the sea's surface.

They say they still do not understand the exact nature of their discovery, and plan to start a thorough analysis of the site - off the tip of the Guanahacabibes Peninsula - in January.

Advanced Digital Communications is one of four firms working in a joint venture with President Fidel Castro's government to explore Cuban waters, which hold hundreds of treasure-laden ships from the Spanish colonial era.

  Robot scanner

The explorers first spotted the underwater city last year, when scanning equipment started to produce images of symmetrically organized stone structures reminiscent of an urban development.

In July, the researchers returned to the site with an explorative robot device capable of highly advanced underwater filming work.

The images the robot brought back confirmed the presence of huge, smooth blocks with the appearance of cut granite.

Some of the blocks were built in pyramid shapes, others were circular, researchers said.

They believe these formations could have been built more than 6,000 years ago, a date which precedes the great pyramids of Egypt by 1,500 years.

"It's a really wonderful structure which really looks like it could have been a large urban centre," ADC explorer Paulina Zelitsky told the Reuters news agency.

"However, it would be totally irresponsible to say what it was before we have evidence."

Quelle
 

Zitat
Underwater world: Man's doing or nature's?

Researchers come across mysterious shapes on the sea bottom just west of Cuba. Patterns suggest an ancient civilization.


[Courtesy of ADC Corp.]
The shapes appear to be arranged in patterns, the scientists say. The images, made with sophisticated sonar, show an area about 100 by 200 meters.  

By DAVID BALLINGRUD, Times Staff Writer
St. Petersburg Times
published November 17, 2002
 

Paulina Zelitsky remembers the hot July day two summers ago and the sudden, unpleasant feeling that she had stumbled into a place she was not supposed to be.

The research vessel Ulises sailed in the Yucatan Channel just off the west coast of Cuba that day, hired by the Castro government to look for undersea oil and gas -- old treasure ships, too, if they could be found.

More than 2,000 feet beneath the surface, in total blackness, the vessel towed a boombox-sized sonar on an electronic tether. Pulsing sound waves, the sonar sketched a picture of the sea bottom on a computer screen aboard Ulises far above.

As Zelitsky and her husband, Paul Weinzweig, watched the screen, the empty plain of sea bed suddenly gave way to images of massive geometric shapes, apparently cut from stone. As more shapes came into view, some appeared to be arranged in patterns over a large area about 20-kilometers square.

Some stone appeared to be cut into blocks, and some blocks seemed perfectly aligned. They appeared to form corridors and the outlines of rooms, the two scientists said. There were round stones and pyramid-shaped ones, too.

The sea bottom in that area is an undulating sand plain, Zelitsky said. What they were seeing should not have been there.

"We were shocked, and frankly we were a little frightened," said Zelitsky. "It was as though we should not be seeing what we were seeing. Our first thought was maybe we found some kind of secret military installation."

Finding a military installation on the bottom of the sea might unnerve anybody, and for the next six months the two researchers stayed busy with their work for the Cuban government and said little about their discovery. "But I tried to identify what we had seen," Zelitsky said. "Then one day, in our office, I looked up and saw pictures of ancient Mexican ruins on a calendar, and I made a mental connection."

Zelitsky and Weinzweig, officers in a Havana-based Canadian company called Advanced Digital Communication (ADC), believe they might have found the remnants of a lost civilization perhaps 6,000 years old.

This site, perhaps built by a culture that far pre-dates the famous Maya of the Yucatan Peninsula, might have been the victim of a vast, mysterious cataclysm that somehow dropped it 2,000 feet beneath the surface of the sea.

"Nothing is known for certain now," Weinzweig said, "but oral tradition in early Mexico speaks of an advanced civilization of tall white people who came from the East, and of an island that sank in a great natural disaster." In the ancient language of some early Central American Indians, he said, "the word Atlanticu means 'our good father,' or, 'the place where our good father rests.' "

  Then again, maybe not.

Maybe the intriguing shapes found by the sonar are just that -- intriguing shapes, carved over the centuries by whimsical Mother Nature.

Zelitsky and Weinzweig don't think so, though, and plan to visit the site again with a manned submersible equipped with cameras and powerful lights -- when they have the money.

Others have interest in such a project, but haven't committed to it.

"They are interesting anomalies, but that's as much as anyone can say right now," said John Echave, senior editor of National Geographic Magazine, who traveled to Cuba to study the sonar images.

"But I'm no expert on sonar," he said, "and until we are able to actually go down there and see, it will difficult to characterize them."

Echave pointed out that hard-to-explain undersea geologic formations have cropped up elsewhere in the world, too, in places such as Japan and nearby in the Bahamas.

In the Bahamas, pilots and divers wondered for years about the so-called "Atlantis Road,' a long row of seemingly connected stone blocks in about 15 feet of water. Gene Shinn of the St. Petersburg office of the U.S. Geological Survey became fascinated by the story and investigated in 1978. His conclusion: The blocks are natural, caused by a combination of sea level rise and erosion.

Nevertheless, Echave said, "we are talking to Advanced Digital and we have an interest in their project. We have to get the protocols in motion, but at this point we have not dotted the i's and crossed the t's." Echave said since any project undertaken would be scientific, he did not expect problems with the Cuban or U.S. governments.

Dr. Robert Ballard is explorer-in-residence for the National Geographic Society and is founder and president of the Institute For Exploration at Mystic Aquarium in Mystic, Conn. He is best known, however, for the 1985 discovery of the passenger liner Titanic deep in the North Atlantic.

Ballard said he has heard of the formations in the Yucatan Channel but is not convinced they are the work of humans.

"That's too deep," he said of the 2,000-foot site. "I'd be surprised if it was human. You have to ask yourself, how did it get there?

"I've looked at a lot of sonar images in my life," Ballard said, "and it can be sort of like looking at an an ink blot -- people can sometimes see what they want to see. I'll just wait for a bit more data."

Zelitsky and Weinzweig say that's what they want, too: more data.

In July 2001, the summer after the discovery, they returned to the site with geologist Manuel Iturralde, senior researcher of Cuba's Natural History Museum. They sent down a Remotely Operated Vehicle to examine and videotape the structures. Images sent back by the ROV confirmed the presence of large blocks of stone -- about 8 feet by 10 feet -- some circular, some rectangular, some in the shape of pyramids. Some blocks appeared deliberately stacked atop one another, others appeared isolated from the rest.

"Large structures in the middle of a desert," Zelitsky called them.

Because of their white appearance underwater, Zelitsky said the structures appear to be granite -- a good building stone but one foreign to that part of the world.

"There is no granite in Cuba or the Yucatan," Zelitsky said. "That area features limestone." Granite is found in Central Mexico, however, and was used by ancient people such as the Maya and an older civilization, the Olmec, in their construction of cities and buildings.

The second visit to the underwater site proved only marginally revealing, however. Currents in the area are strong, Weinzweig said, and heavy sediment in the water made videotaping difficult.

"We've done about as much as we can do with the technology we have," Weinzweig said. "The next step will be to go down there with a manned submersible, so we can move from place to place without a tether holding us back."

The new submersible will need powerful lights and better cameras, he said, and a drill to bore into the stone to confirm they are made of granite.

Large stone pieces used by ancient civilizations in construction are called megaliths. With this in mind, Zelitsky and Weinzweig have dubbed their discovery "Mega."

Predictably, as word got around, others quickly gave it another name: The Lost City of Atlantis.

A land bridge from Mexico to Cuba?
The Lost City of Atlantis has warmed romantic hearts for thousands of years.

The Greek philosopher Plato, who died in 347 B.C., called it a utopia destroyed by an earthquake, and people have been trying to find it since.

They have looked from the Aegean to Antarctica, from Europe to the Bahamas, without success.

In his book Gateway to Atlantis, Andrew Collins speculated the Caribbean might turn out to be the site of Atlantis and proposed that it might have been destroyed by a comet impact that devastated the eastern coastline with mammoth tsunamis or tidal waves.

Zelitsky and Weinzweig dismiss the Atlantis talk.

The story is myth, said Zelitsky, a Russian-trained engineer. "What we have found is more likely remnants of a local culture," once located on a 100-mile "land bridge" that joined Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula with Cuba.

This local culture, however, might be every bit as remarkable as Atlantis.

The Maya, for example, developed a magnificent civilization on the Yucatan Peninsula beginning about A.D. 250 and peaking about A.D. 900. Spain finally completed its conquest of the Maya about 1500.

The Maya produced advanced architecture, painting, pottery and sculpture, and their grasp of mathematics and astronomy was remarkable for its time. They might have developed the first calendar, and were among the first to make paper and books of tree bark. They cut large stone blocks and made buildings, courtyards and pyramids, many for worship of numerous gods.

But Zelitsky thinks the Mega site pre-dates even the ancient Maya -- by a lot.

Recently excavated sculptures by the Olmec and Totonec peoples, also of the Yucatan and Central America, are about 4,500 to 6,000 years old, she said.

"The Mayan nation came to the Yucatan at much later times and learned the arts and sciences of civilization from earlier nations." We know little of these nations, she said, "thanks to the Spanish church, who burned all archives."

Today Mexico and Cuba are separated only by the 100-mile width of the Yucatan Channel, and geologists have speculated for years that a "land bridge" once joined the two. According to this theory, underwater faults eventually parted and destroyed the bridge, swallowing the land above.

But 2,000 feet? If the megaliths are indeed ruins, how did they get so deep?

Zelitsky answers that large-scale underground movement of Earth's tectonic plates is usually accompanied by volcanos and earthquakes.

"It's a very powerful event,' she said, and the sinking of an island "could have happened very quickly." While some megaliths on the sea bottom appear organized, she said, others do not. "Over about 20 square kilometers there are a large number of structures that appear jumbled, disorganized," she said.

Cuban geologist Iturralde, she said, "has clearly identified on the ocean bottom the coastal structures of a separated island." Also, she said, the sea bottom at the site is covered with volcanic glass "which could be generated only on the oxygenated surface."

Everyone should keep an open mind, said geologist Iturralde.

"These are extremely peculiar structures, and they have captured our imagination," he said. "If I had to explain this geologically, I would have a hard time."

But, he added, just because no natural explanation for the so-called ruins is immediately apparent, it doesn't mean there isn't one. "Nature is able to create some really unimaginable structures," he said.

He also raised a third possibility. The megaliths might be natural structures, he said, "but transformed or adapted by intelligent beings for dwelling or religious purposes."

What next? For now, nothing
ADC operates from the Ulises, a 260-foot trawler that was converted to a research vessel for the Cuban government by the late French oceanographer Jacques Cousteau.

The company made headlines a year ago with its discovery in nearby waters of the U.S. Navy battleship Maine, which was sunk under mysterious circumstances in 1898, touching off the Spanish-American War. (The ship had been sunk in Havana Harbor. In 1911 it was taken offshore and sunk again, honorably, with a U.S. flag flying from its bow. Its exact location was unknown until it was found by Weinzweig and Zelitsky.)

In finding the Maine and the Mega site, Advanced Digital has made use of two major improvements in underwater exploration. One is side-scan sonar, which allows a wider sweep of ocean bottom than earlier sonar equipment, and the other is the satellite-based Global Positioning System, or GPS.

GPS allows a surface vessel to fix its position to within a few feet and then to follow a precise, reliable search trackline. Connected by cable to the vessel, side-scanning sonar sweeps the ocean floor with pulses of sound, providing a strikingly clear picture of objects on the bottom.

When a promising object is detected, an ROV can be dispatched to investigate. Searches can be performed in 20,000 feet of water.

For now, though, Weinzweig and Zelitsky say they have their hands full keeping up with the terms of the contract with the Cuban government.

"We have signed a long-term exclusive contract with the Cuban government for the natural resources of the Cuban Gulf of Mexico," Weinzweig said. "Our money is private and comes from family and friends who have purchased shares in our offshore company. We have spent $4-million over the last three years and we will require an additional $8-million or $9-million.

"This kind of work is very expensive and we require investment financing. However, our ownership in the final product, whether oil or treasure, would more than handsomely reward the investment required for conduct of deep and ultra deep work on the ocean bottom.

"For now we are busy with our other work," Zelitsky said. "As soon as we have done enough to help finance an archaeological expedition (to the Mega site) then maybe we can do that. But right now it's oil and gas."

Quelle
  [line]

Zitat
Part 1 - Update On Deep Water Megalithic Stones
and Structures Near Western Cuba


  2003 by Linda Moulton Howe


Northeast of Cabo San Antonio, marked in yellow, and down about one-half mile off the western tip of Cuba are large stones in rectangular and pyramidal shapes. There are also huge unidentified structures that have 90 degree corners and are spread along straight corridors on the white sea floor sand.

September 24, 2003 Havana, Cuba  - It was a summer day in 2000 that the first surprising side scan sonar images of what looked like architecture were seen a half mile down off the western tip of Cuba. The ocean floor there is very flat and covered with white sand. The camera was run by the Remote Operated Video control room on the "BIC Ulises" ship owned and operated by engineer and oceanographer, Paulina Zelitsky, and her husband and business partner, Paul Weinzweig ­ co-owners of Advanced Digital Communications International, Inc. ­ or ADC International, Inc. Paulina was born and educated in the Soviet Union and was assigned to work in Cuba. Later, after she married Paul, a Canadian citizen, ADC was based in Canada. More recently, ADC International has become an international business company incorporated in the Commonwealth of the Bahamas to conduct deep ocean bottom survey in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

Back in 2000, Paulina Zelitsky had been contracted to take ocean current temperatures at various depths for a global warming study and was working in the waters northeast of Cabo San Antonio offshore from the Guanacahabibes Peninsula. That peninsula is geologically anomalous compared to the rest of Cuba and geologists think it originated from the continental margin of the Yucatan Peninsula. Both have lots of porous limestone mixed with bentonite clay and extremely fine sand. What stunned Paulina about the unexpected structures on the sea floor were the 90 degree angles and regular spacing of large objects as deep as 2200 feet.

Dr. Manuel Iturralde, Ph.D., Geologist at the National Museum of Natural History in Havana, presented a scientific paper about his examination of the side scan sonar images and videos of the stone structures referred to as megalithic because they seem to be shaped or molded.

Paulina Zelitsky knows Cuban and Caribbean archaeological histories because one of ADC International's business services is to look for underwater shipwrecks, treasures and artifacts. Paulina had discovered in late 1998 the 100-year-old battleship, The Maine, that blew up mysteriously in 1898, killed 260 American sailors and set off the Spanish-American War. So when she saw the Cuban side scan sonar images with 90 degree angles and long, straight corridors, she thought of Meso American architecture and places like Teotihuacan.

Teotihuacan might have been the largest city on Earth 2,000 years ago. Archaeologists estimate that nearly a quarter of a million people inhabited houses, apartments and palaces covering almost ten square miles on the northeast outskirts of what we know today to be Mexico City.

Teotihuacan was dominated by the 15-story-high Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon, plus the smaller but intricately carved Pyramid of Quetzacoatl. Aztecs did not discover Teotihuacan until the 1400s and gave the mysterious place the name "Teotihuacan," which in the Aztec language meant "City of the Gods" The Aztecs were impressed by the city's size, splendor and the huge rectangular rocks that fit closely together in its buildings and pyramids.

Teotihuacan's most important religious structures were concentrated in the ceremonial center of the city, an area about two square miles in size. A great avenue ran north south for three miles with buildings arranged symmetrically on either side ‚­ while other streets intersected going east and west in a perpendicular grid pattern. The pyramid sizes ranged from 492 (Moon) to 738 feet (Sun) bases and rose as high as 210 feet.

Those dimensions are similar to the estimated sizes of some of the deep underwater megalithic structures ADC International, Inc. has on sonar images. On videotape, there are also singular, large, granite-like stones that are curved with an unidentified line detail, or squared off, or one that seems to be a pyramid-shape rising up out of a rectangular stone.

  Interview:
Paul Weinzweig, Partner with Paulina Zelitsky, Advanced Digital Communications International, Inc., Havana, Cuba: "We're still very interested and excited about the initial finds that we made in cooperation with Dr. Iturralde. He's taken a respectable conservative, but intelligent, approach: 'We don't know what it is, but it doesn't look like geology to us.'

Where we stand really is that we have the sonar images which show architectural types of structures with geometry, perpendicular lines, symmetries, that one does not tend to find in nature and are not repeated anywhere else in the region. They are extensive and large and we have video, but is suggestive because the stones that we have videotaped are very large, very smooth. They do not belong to the local geology at all, according to our ocean bottom survey work and to Dr. Iturralde. And the stones appear to have some aspects of cut and polished features.

Paulina and I do feel that we have found something remarkable. Our intuition tells us in addition to the data that we have that there is a good chance that there was some remarkable civilization on an island many thousands of years ago to the west of present day Cuba.

  AND THE SIZES OF WHAT DR. ITURRALDE CALLS MEGALITHIC STRUCTURES ‚­ DO YOU HAVE BETTER ESTIMATES ON WHAT THE LENGTH, WIDTH AND HEIGHT OF THOSE RECTANGULAR STRUCTURES WOULD BE?

According to our estimates, the sonar images are up to 150 to 200 meters (492 to 656 feet) in length and maybe up to 50 to 100 meters (164 to 328 feet) in width. So they are very large structures.

  ABOUT HOW HIGH?

Well, it's difficult to say because what we see is only above the sandy soil of the ocean bottom. That could be up to 15 to 20 meters, but there could be extensive structures below the loose sand, white sand on the ocean bottom.

  WHEN PAULINA WAS DESCRIBING ONE OF THE CROSSED OVALS AT LEAST ONE OF THE INVESTIGATORS THOUGHT MIGHT BE ON ONE OF THOSE, WAS IT ON ONE OF THE MEGALITHIC STRUCTURES OR WAS IT ON A SINGLE, SEPARATED STONE?

It was on what we call ‚­ the word 'megalith' is used to describe both the structures and the individual stones that are part of the structures. The stones are also very large.

  WHAT'S THE SIZE OF THEM?

They could be 10 to 15 feet high.

  BY ABOUT WHAT WIDTH?

5 to 10 feet wide. We did not videotape many of these stones, so we have a few samples. But they are very large and some of them appear to be fitted ‚­ that is, one on top of the other in a comfortable position.

  AND IN FITTINGS, WOULD IT LOOK SORT OF LIKE STONEHENGE KIND OF CONSTRUCTION OR?

That's right. Not so long, but certainly more square, more rounded, more perpendicular. As I say, the entire ocean bottom in that region is simply white sand with a few outcroppings of blackened limestone. By the way, when limestone is blackened, it's because of contact with oxygen. So, that also suggests the area was once above sea water. These things (megalithic structures) just appear out of nowhere that look like granite. Because there is no granite on Cuba. Cuba is a limestone similar to the Yucatan. It's mostly limestone, the whole area is limestone.

  WHAT ABOUT THAT PYRAMIDAL SHAPE THAT WAS IN THE IMAGE OF PAULINA LOOKING AT THE COMPUTER MONITOR?

That's a stone. It's one of the stones.

  AND IT DOES SEEM TO BE PYRAMIDAL SHAPED?

Yes. Yeah, it has a shape that doesn't appear often in nature. It's not a shape one would expect to see in nature.

  IN TERMS OF THE ROBOT YOU HAD HOPED YOU COULD GET DOWN THERE WITH MAYBE ONE OF THE ADVANCED SPACE ROBOTS THAT COULD GO AND DRILL INTO SOME OF THESE STRUCTURES AND FIND OUT EXACTLY WHAT THEY ARE?

We are discussing a proposal with National Geographic right now to do a preliminary survey using our own technology, but a more extensive survey than we've done before and on the basis of those findings, to decide whether to go forward or not. If we do go forward, of course, it would be with more advanced technology.

  ARE YOU NOW CLOSER FOR NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC TO HELP WITH SOME FUNDING AND EQUIPMENT HERE?

They would like to send their own camera, their own person down, on our ship to validate what we've found and to get a little more information that would support a more strongly the hypothesis that there was a civilization there. And then they would, of course, take the next step which would be a more serious financial and logistical effort.

Then it's a matter of timing ‚­ their people have to be ready, we have to be ready. We have to have all permits and approvals in place. The weather has to be right. The season has to be right. It's a complex scenario, you know?

  WOULD YOU THINK THE SPRING OR SUMMER OF 2004 MIGHT BE AN OPPORTUNE TIME?

Yes, that sounds very possible.

  HAS THERE BEEN ANY OTHER DATA THAT HAS SUPPORTED THE POSSIBLE HYPOTHESIS THAT THERE MIGHT BE METAL COATINGS ON SOME OF THE MEGALITHIC STRUCTURES?

It's possible from our sonar images that there could be metal because the darker the image, the more dense the material. So we do have ‚­ but again, this is only hypothetical and would need to be verified by visual probes, by an ROV and cameras and good lighting. The area is quite extensive, spread out over several kilometers and really ‚­ we've barely touched it in terms of video probes.

  IS IT TRUE THAT THE MEGALITHIC STRUCTURES COVER ABOUT 10 SQUARE KILOMETERS?

Could be more.

  THAT'S A BIG AREA.

It is very extensive. We don't know the full extent of it because we haven't analyzed all of the data from the region. We have a great deal of side scan sonar data and this is just one area that we've done in-depth analysis."

To be continued in Part 2.
 
Quelle

Viel Spass beim lesen.  ;)  :P  :D

Selena